Poorest Country in the world 2022 list

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Today you will know which is the top 10 poorest country in the world by 2022? And about these, then definitely read this article till the end, let us tell you that the area of ​​the whole world is 510.070 million square kilometers. In which 361.132 million area is land.

195 countries are located in this entire region. But there are many countries in the world whose economy is very weak. Because of which they are considered to be the poorest countries of the world.

Where even today people are very much troubled by poverty. The GDP of these countries is so weak that it is much less than the total wealth of the rich man of the world.

You must have heard about the richest countries in the world, but do you know that there are countries in the world which are very poor. There is so much poverty in these countries that the people of these countries do not even get proper food.

This country is so poor that the GDP of this country is not more than the total wealth of the rich man of the world. This question must have come in your mind that how the list of poor countries is prepared.

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Let us tell you that in preparing the list of poor countries, the economy of that country and every person’s income, business, property and property purchased abroad are included.

In this way a list of poor countries is prepared. So let’s know which is the top 10 poorest country in the world of 2022 and which countries are included in it?

Top 10 Poorest Country in The World 2022

poorest country in the world

RANK Poorest country
1 Haiti
2 Equatorial Guinea
3 Zimbabwe
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo
5 Eswatini
6 Eritrea
7 Madagascar
8 Burundi
9 Sierra Leone
10 São Tomé and Príncipe

 

1. Haiti

Haiti is the first in the list of the world’s poorest countries, its capital is Port-au-Prince, it is the poorest country in the world, Haiti is a separate country in the world’s geography. There is only one place, there are many such things in this country.

Which separates this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, occupation. Haiti has a predominantly free market economy, Haiti has a predominantly free market economy, with a GDP of $19.97 billion and a GDP per capita of $1,800 (2017 estimate).

The country uses the Haitian gourd as its currency. Despite its tourism industry, Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the Americas, with poverty, corruption, political instability, poor infrastructure, lack of health care and lack of education cited as the main reasons.

Unemployment is high and many Haitians want to evacuate. After the 2010 earthquake and post-cholera trade declined slightly, the country’s purchasing power parity GDP fell by 8% (US$12.15 billion to US$11.18 billion).

Haiti was ranked 145th out of 182 countries in the 2010 United Nations Human Development Index, with 57.3% of the population deprived of at least three measures of the HDI. GDP – $8.259 billion, GDP per capita – $846, Human Development Index rank – 163rd place.

2. Equatorial Guinea

The second poorest country in this list is Equatorial Guinea. The capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo. The economy of Equatorial Guinea has traditionally been dependent on commodities such as cocoa and coffee.

But now heavily dependent on petroleum due to the discovery and exploitation of significant oil reserves in the 1980s. Equatorial Guinea has a per capita purchasing power parity GDP of over US$38,699, with a total population of 12.22 million.

76.8% of the total population of this country lives below the poverty line. The GDP per capita here is $14,176. The main source of Equatorial Guinea is oil.

Here the enrollment rate in primary education is only 56.3%. GDP – $11.638billion, GDP per capita – $14,176, Human Development Truth Index rank-183rd.

3. Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is the third poorest country in the world in this list. The capital of this country is Harare. If you have been watching cricket matches then you would know that Zimbabwe has a cricket team. 72% of the total population of Zimbabwe are below the poverty line.

Here in the year 2008, the value of one US dollar reached four lakh Zimbabwean dollars. After which the government of this country allowed the currency of all countries to be run in their country. GDP – $16.28 billion, GDP per capita – $1071, Human Development Truth Index rank – 154th place.

4. Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo comes in fourth place in this list. The capital of this country is Kinshasa. In this country, the income of citizens for 1 year is about $ 753.

Which is around 50 thousand rupees annually in India. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is located in Africa. Some part of this country meets the Indian Ocean. This country is the third largest country in Africa in terms of area. This country is extremely rich in natural resources.

But political instability, lack of infrastructure, corruption, are all responsible for making it one of the poorest countries. GDP – $41.098 billion, GDP per capita is $330, Human Development Index rank is 176th rank.

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5. Swaziland (Eswatini)

Swaziland (Eswatini) comes in fifth place in this list. Swaziland is a developing country with a small economy. Due to its low per capita GDP, Swaziland is classified by the International Monetary Fund as a lower-middle income country.

The main local trading partner of this country is South Africa. The currency of Swaziland, the lilangini, is pegged to the rand, the currency of South Africa. Its major non-African trading partners are the United States and the European Union.

Majority of the country’s employment comes from the agriculture and manufacturing sectors. Swaziland is a member of the South African Development Community, the African Union and the Commonwealth of Nations. The poverty rate here is 69.2 percent. Whereas the population of this country is only 10 lakhs.

This country is located in the southern part of the continent of Africa. Swaziland has the highest number of HIV/AIDS patients in the world. Poverty rate – 69.2%, Population – 11.19 lakhs, GDP – 3.398 billion, GDP per capita – 3,432, Human Development Index rank – 148th rank.

6. Eritrea

Eritrea comes in sixth place in this list. The capital of this country is Asmara. The economy of Eritrea has experienced considerable growth in recent years (2010–20).

Gross domestic product (GDP) has increased by more than 5% in recent years, indicating an annual improvement of up to 8.7% in some years. A major reason for the recent growth of the Eritrean economy is the full operation of the gold and silver Bisha mine and the commencement of cement production from the cement factory in Massawa.

Eritrea is the sixth poorest country in the world. The total GDP of this country is only $6.5 billion. The total population here is more than 58 lakhs. This country is located near the Horn of Africa on the African continent. The primary enrollment rate in this country is one of the lowest at just 35.5%.

Poverty rate – 69.0%, population – 58.69 lakhs, GDP – $ 6.5 billion, GDP per capita – $ 844, Human Development Index rank – 186th.

7. Madagascar

Madagascar comes in seventh place in this list. The capital of this country is Antananarivo Madagascar. The IMF forced the government of Madagascar to accept structural adjustment policies and liberalization of the economy when the country went bankrupt in 1982.

The country was then gradually privatized to state-controlled industries in the 1980s. The political crisis of 1991 led to the suspension of IMF and World Bank aid. The IMF agreed to write off half of Madagascar’s debt in 2004 under the Ravalomanana administration.

And finally, Madagascar became the first country to benefit from the Millennium Challenge account in 2005. The main economic resources of Madagascar are tourism, clothing, agriculture and mining. The natural resources of Madagascar include a variety of agricultural and mineral products.

Agriculture (including the growing of raffia), mining, fishing and forestry are the mainstays of the economy. Madagascar is the world’s leading supplier of vanilla, clove and ylang-ylang. 69% of Madagascar’s population lives on less than a dollar.

Madagascar is a small country with a total GDP of $10.3 billion. This country is located in the Indian Ocean. This country is made up of many small islands. Poverty rate – 68.7%, Population – 2.44 crore, GDP – 10.3 billion, GDP per capita – $531, Human Development Index rank – 158th rank.

8. Burundi

Burundi comes in eighth place in this list. Burundi is a small country located in East Africa. Burundi is a landless, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is primarily agricultural, accounting for 50% of GDP in 2017 and employing over 90% of the population.

Subsidized agriculture accounts for 90% of agriculture. Burundi’s primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, although exports constitute a relatively small portion of GDP. Other agricultural products include cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manifold beef, milk and skins.

Even though subsistence farming is heavily dependent, many people do not have the resources to sustain themselves. This is due to large population growth and not consistent policies governing land ownership. In 2014, the average farm size was about one acre.

Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world due to its poor geography, poor legal system, lack of economic freedom, lack of access to education, and the spread of HIV/AIDS. About 80% of Burundi’s population lives in poverty.

Family and food shortages have been the worst in Burundi in the 20th century, and according to the World Food Program, 56.8% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Burundi’s export earnings – and ability to pay for imports – rest mainly on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices.

Burundi is a landless, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is primarily agricultural, accounting for 50% of GDP in 2017 and employing over 90% of the population. Subsidized agriculture accounts for 90% of agriculture.

Burundi’s primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, although exports constitute a relatively small portion of GDP. Other agricultural products include cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manifold beef, milk and skins.

Even though subsistence farming is heavily dependent, many people do not have the resources to sustain themselves. This is due to large population growth and not consistent policies governing land ownership. In 2014, the average farm size was about one acre.

Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world due to its poor geography, poor legal system, lack of economic freedom, lack of access to education, and the spread of HIV/AIDS. About 80% of Burundi’s population lives in poverty.

Family and food shortages have been the worst in Burundi in the 20th century, and according to the World Food Program, 56.8% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Burundi’s export earnings – and ability to pay for imports – rest mainly on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices.

Poverty rate – 66.9%, Population – 1.11 crore, GDP – $2.74 billion, GDP per capita – $819, Human Development Index rank – 184th rank.

9. Sierra Leone

In this list, Sierra Leone comes in the boats place. The Republic of Sierra Leone is a small country located in South Africa. The country’s currency is Leone, and the central bank is the Bank of Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone operates a floating exchange rate system, and foreign currencies can be exchanged at any commercial bank, accredited foreign exchange bureau and most hotels. Credit card use is limited in Sierra Leone.

Two-thirds of Sierra Leone’s population is directly involved in subsistence agriculture. The share of agriculture in the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2007 was 58 percent. The total GDP of this country is $ 4.08 billion. The poverty rate of the country of Sierra Leone overall is 66.4%.

Whereas the total population of this country is 70.75 lakhs. GDP – $4.08 billion, GDP per capita – $623, Human Development Index rank – 179th rank.

10. São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe comes in tenth place in this list. Since the 9th century, the economy of São Tomé and Príncipe has been based on plantation agriculture.

At the time of independence, Portuguese-owned gardens occupied 90% of the cultivated area. After independence, control of these plantations was passed on to various state-owned agricultural enterprises. The main crop on São Tomé is cocoa, which represents about 95% of agricultural exports.

Other export crops include copra, palm kernels and coffee. The total GDP of this country is $355 million. The total population of this country is less than 20 thousand. The main crop here is cocoa.

Food items are not produced here to meet the domestic requirement, so imports most of its food from other countries. Poverty rate – 66.2%, Population – 19,428, GDP – $355 million, Domestic product per capita – $1,668, Human Development Index rank – 142nd rank.

FAQ
Q. Which is the poorest country in the world?

Ans. Haiti is the poorest country in the world.

Q. Which country has the highest number of HIV/AIDS patients in the world?

Ans. Swaziland has the highest number of HIV/AIDS patients in the world.

Q. Which continent do most of these countries belong to?

Ans. Most of these countries belong to the continent of Africa.

Conclusion-

In this article you must have come to know that which is the poorest country in the world? (Which is the poorest country in the world) Also there is much more to be learned.

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